2001-P U.S. $1 - National Museum of the American Indian - 2 Coin Set (Silver)
- Country: United States
- Period: Federal Republic (1776-Date)
- Type: Non-Circulating Coin
- Years: 2001
- Mint:United States Mint - Philadelphia (1792-Date)
- Denomination: 1 USD
- Currency: United States Dollar (1785-Date)
- Composition: .900 Silver
- Diameter: 38.1mm
- Weight: 26.73g
- Edge: Reeded
- Mintage: 500,000
- Condition: New - Mint Packaging
- Obverse: The design taken from the 1913 Indian Head or Buffalo Nickel. A Composite profile of Iron Tail, an Oglala Sioux chief, Two Moons, a Cheyenne chief, and Big Tree, a Kiowa chief
- Reverse: The design taken from the 1913 Indian Head or Buffalo Nickel. According to the legend, the buffalo used as a model for this coin was "Black Diamond" (1893-1915), a famous buffalo at the Central Park zoo in New York City
- Reference: KM# 325
The 2001 American Buffalo Silver Dollar was issued to commemorate the recently opened National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) of the Smithsonian Institution. The classic design of the coin after James Earle Fraser’s Buffalo Nickel, made this commemorative coin issue immensely popular with collectors, leading to a prompt sell out.
The United States Mint produced the uncirculated version of the coins at the Denver Mint and the proof version at the Philadelphia Mint. The coins were offered individually, as a two coin set, or included in the American Buffalo Coin and Currency Set. The coin and currency set was limited to 50,000 sets and included a replica of a Series 1899 $5 Silver Certificate and two postage stamps. The maximum production for across all products was 500,000.
The 2001 Buffalo Silver Dollar went on sale June 7, 2001 and sold out on June 21, 2001 making it one of the most popular modern commemorative coins. Prices for all versions remain high due to the continued collector demand for the issue.
A surcharge of $10 was added to the price of each coin to fund the opening of the NMAI and supplement the educational and outreach efforts of the museum. After the quick sell out, the NMAI sought the production of an additional 250,000 or 500,000 coins, but the Treasury Secretary denied the request.
*Coin condition is based on our professional opinion. Pictures are representative of the coin that you will receive, actual coin may differ slightly, and serial numbers may vary*